|Coordinates (Agartala): Coordinates:|
|Formation||21 January 1972†|
|Most populous city||Agartala|
|• Governor||Kaptan Singh Solanki|
|• Chief Minister||Biplab Kumar Deb(BJP)|
|• Deputy Chief Minister||Jishnu Deb Burman(BJP)|
|• Legislature||Unicameral (60 seats)|
|• Parliamentary representation||2 (Lok Sabha)
1 (Rajya Sabha)
|• Total||10,491.69 km2(4,050.86 sq mi)|
|Area rank||27th (2014)|
|• Rank||22nd (2014)|
|• Density||350/km2 (910/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-TR|
|HDI rank||6th (2014)|
|Literacy||87.75 % (2011)|
|†It was elevated from the status of Union-Territories by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act 1971|
The area of modern ‘Tripura’ was ruled for several centuries by the Tripuri dynasty. It was the independent princely state of the Tripuri Kingdom under the protectorate of the British Empire which was known as Hill Tippera while the area annexed and ruled directly by British India was known as Tippera District (present Comilla District). The independent Tripuri Kingdom (or Hill Tippera) joined the newly independent India in 1949. Ethnic strife between the indigenous Tripuri people and the migrant Bengali populationdue to large influx of Bengali Hindu refugees and settlers from Bangladesh led to tension and scattered violence since its integration into the country of India, but the establishment of an autonomous tribal administrative agency and other strategies have led to peace.
Tripura lies in a geographically disadvantageous location in India, as only one major highway, the National Highway 8, connects it with the rest of the country. Five mountain ranges—Boromura, Atharamura, Longtharai, Shakhan and Jampui Hills—run north to south, with intervening valleys; Agartala, the capital, is located on a plain to the west. The state has a tropical savanna climate, and receives seasonal heavy rains from the south west monsoon. Forests cover more than half of the area, in which bamboo and canetracts are common. Tripura has the highest number of primate species found in any Indian state. Due to its geographical isolation, economic progress in the state is hindered. Poverty and unemployment continue to plague Tripura, which has a limited infrastructure. Most residents are involved in agriculture and allied activities, although the service sector is the largest contributor to the state’s gross domestic product.
According to 2011 census, Tripura is one of the most literate states in India with a literacy rate of 87.75%. Mainstream Indian cultural elements coexist with traditional practices of the ethnic groups, such as various dances to celebrate religious occasions, weddings and festivities; the use of locally crafted musical instruments and clothes; and the worship of regional deities. The sculptures at the archaeological sites Unakoti, Pilak and Devtamura provide historical evidence of artistic fusion between organised and tribal religions. The Great Chinmoy in Agartala was the former royal abode of the Tripuri king.